Two Towers, 1959

Constant (1920-2005)

Twee Torens / Two Towers, 1959

Photographer: Tom Haartsen © Constant/Fondation Constant c/o Pictoright Amsterdam 2015

Model of iron wire, mounted in a plywood base. Tower I: 91 x 20 x 20 cm, Tower II: 74 x 30 x 30 cm, platform: 4 x 46 x 43,5 cm

Provenance

Collection Fondation Constant

Exhibited

  • 1961, March 4 – April 9, ‘Constant-Amsterdam’, Städtische Kunstgalerie, Bochum, Germany
  • 1974, June 15 – September 1, 'New Babylon', Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, The Netherlands
  • 1998, November 22 – 1999, January 10, 'Constant – New Babylon', Witte de With, Center for contemporary art, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  • 2012, October 17, 2012 – February 10, 2013, 30th Council of Europe Art Exhibition: “The Desire for Freedom. - Art in Europe since 1945”, German Historical Museum, Berlin, Germany
  • 2013, March 14 – June 02, 2013, 30th Council of Europe Art Exhibition: “The Desire for Freedom. - Art in Europe since 1945”, Palazzo Reale, Milan, Italy
  • 2013, June 28 – November 03, 2013, 30th Council of Europe Art Exhibition: “Critique and Crises - Art in Europe since 1945”, Kumu Art Museum, Tallinn, Estonia
  • 2014, March 13 – August 17, 'Meer Macht', Museum de Fundatie, Zwolle, The Netherlands
  • 2015, October 20, – 2016, February 29, 'Constant – New Babylon', Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain (upcoming exhibition)

Literature

  • Peter Leo and Constant Nieuwenhuys, ‘Constant-Amsterdam’ [exhib.cat], Städtische Kunstgalerie, Bochum, March 4 – April 9, 1961, cat.nr. 60 (Türme)
  • J.L. Locher and Constant Nieuwenhuys, 'New Babylon' [exhib.cat], The Hague: Haags Gemeentemuseum, June 15 – September 1, 1974: p.77, cat.nr.+ ill.6
  • Jean-Clarence Lambert, 'Constant. New Babylon. Art et Utopie', Paris: Edition Cercle d'Art, 1997, p. 22
  • Mark Wigley, 'Constant's New Babylon. The Hyper-Architecture of Desire' [exhib.cat], Witte de With, Center for contemporary art, 010 Publishers, Rotterdam, 1998, p. 48, ill. 2 and p. 72
  • Monika Flacke ed., “Verführung Freiheit – Kunst in Europa seit 1945”, [exhib.cat.] Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin, Sandstein Verlag, 2012, pp.66-67
  • Monika Flacke ed., “The Desire for Freedom - Art in Europe since 1945”, [exhib.cat.], 30th Council of Europe Art Exhibition, German Historical Museum, Berlin, Palazzo Reale Milano and Kumu Estonian Museum of Art, Tallinn, 2013, pp. 66-67

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