Observatory, 1956

Constant (1920-2005)

Observatorium / Observatory, 1956

Photographer: Tom Haartsen © Constant/Fondation Constant c/o Pictoright Amsterdam 2015

Construction of perspex and brass, height: 52 x Ø 48,5 cm

Provenance

  • Collection Fondation Constant

Exhibited

  • 1956, June 16 – October 21, 'Constant, Bart van der Leck, Piet Mondriaan, André Volten', XXVIII Venice Biennale of International Art, Dutch Pavillon, Italy
  • 1959, May 4 – June 8, 'Constructies en maquettes', Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • 1960, June 19 – July 16, 'Holländische Plastik der Gegenwart', Karmeliterkloster Frankfurt am Main, Germany
  • 1961, March 4 – April 9, 'Constant – Amsterdam', Städtische Kunstgalerie, Bochum, Germany
  • 1965, October 1 – November 21, 'Constant', Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, The Netherlands
  • 1966, February 26 – March 25, 1966, 'Constant – schilderijen, gouaches, plastieken, maquettes van Cobra naar New Babylon', Provinciaal/Noordbrabants Museum, 's-Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands
  • 1967, May 23 – June 30, 'Constant: von Cobra bis New Babylon', Galerie Heseler, Munich, Germany
  • 1998, November 22 – 1999, January 10, 'Constant – New Babylon', Witte de With, Center for contemporary art, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  • 2015, October 20 – 2016, February 29, 'Constant – New Babylon', Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain (upcoming exhibition)

Literature

  • A.M. Hammacher, 'Constant, Bart van der Leck, Piet Mondriaan, André Volten' [exh.cat.], 18th Biennale di Venezia, Venice, 1956: pp. 443-446, cat. nr. 3
  • Peter Leo & Constant Nieuwenhuys, 'Constant – Amsterdam' [exhib.cat], Städtische Kunstgalerie, Bochum, March 4 - April 9, 1961, (cat. text Constant), cat. nr. 44
  • L.J.F. Wijsenbeek, Constant Nieuwenhuys, Jos de Gruyter & Hein van Haaren, 'Constant' [exhib.cat], Haags Gemeentemuseum, October 1 – November 21, 1965, cat. nr. 136 (Planetarium)
  • J.W.M. van Haaren & Constant Nieuwenhuys, 'Constant – schilderijen, gouaches, plastieken, maquettes van Cobra naar New Babylon'[exhib.cat.], Provinciaal/Noordbrabants Museum, 's-Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands, February 26 – March 25, 1966, cat. nr. 76 (Planetarium)
  • Constant Nieuwenhuys, 'Constant: von Cobra bis New Babylon' [exhib.cat], Galerie Heseler, 1967: cat. nr. 45
  • Jean-Clarence Lambert, 'Constant. New Babylon. Art et Utopie' [exhib.cat], Éditions Cercle d'Art, Paris, 1997, ill. p. 116
  • Mark Wigley, 'Constant's New Babylon. The Hyper-Architecture of Desire' [exhib.cat], Witte de With, Center for contemporary art, 010 Publishers, Rotterdam, 1998, p. 23, ill. 1
  • Ludo van Halem & Marcel Hummelink, 'Jong Holland' nr. 2, 1994, 'La Fleur mécanique, een constructie van Constant' [exhib.cat], ill. nr. 2

Film

  • Hy Hirsch, 'Gyromorphosis', The Netherlands, 1958 (Space sculptures by Constant), 16 mm film by Hy Hirsch (7’) ('Observatory' is one of the space sculptures posing in the film)

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